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National Service Scheme in Australia: 1964-1972

National Service Scheme in Australia: 1964-1972

Australia’s National Service Scheme began in 1964 and one year later became the means of conscripting young men into the Vietnam War. Under the scheme, 20-year-old men were required to register with the Department of Labour and National Service and were then subject to a ballot based on date of birth. Men selected through the ballot faced the possibility of two years continuous full-time service in the regular army, followed by three years part-time service in the Army Reserve. They were also liable for ‘special overseas service’, including combat duties in Vietnam.

Under the National Service Scheme, 15,381 conscripted Australian soldiers served in Vietnam, and men who failed to follow their conscription orders went to prison. When the first conscripts arrived in Vietnam in May 1966, public opinion began to turn against conscription as well as the war itself.

In December 1972, the newly-elected Whitlam government abolished conscription and released imprisoned conscientious objectors. At the same time, the remaining 179 Australian troops in Vietnam were ordered to return home.
First National Service trainees arrive
FXJ309183
First National Service trainees arrive
Miss Barbara Joyce Russell, 22 from Canberra, chose 20 days jail rather than pay a $40 fine after being found guilty of handing out pamphlets urging young men not to register for national service.
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Miss Barbara Joyce Russell, 22 from Canberra, chose...
Miss Barbara Joyce Russell, 22 from Canberra, chose 20 days jail rather than pay a $40 fine after being found guilty of handing out pamphlets urging young men not to register for national service.
FXT82672
Miss Barbara Joyce Russell, 22 from Canberra, chose...
Miss Barbara Joyce Russell, 22 from Canberra, chose 20 days jail rather than pay a $40 fine after being found guilty of handing out pamphlets urging young men not to register for national service.
FXT82671
Miss Barbara Joyce Russell, 22 from Canberra, chose...
Miss Barbara Joyce Russell, 22 from Canberra, chose 20 days jail rather than pay a $40 fine after being found guilty of handing out pamphlets urging young men not to register for national service.
FXT82670
Miss Barbara Joyce Russell, 22 from Canberra, chose...
National service protest in Melbourne.
FXJ311271
National service protest in Melbourne.
Save our Sons anti conscription protest, Marrickville military depot, 1965
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Save our Sons anti conscription protest, Marrickville...
Save Our Sons protest outside an army depot, Marrickville, 1965
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Save Our Sons protest outside an army depot, Marrickville,...
Save Our Sons protest outside an army depot, Marrickville, 1965
FXB82632
Save Our Sons protest outside an army depot, Marrickville,...
The Big Picture Book DVD
FXJ173462
The Big Picture Book DVD
Vietnam War conscripts or enlisted
FXJ173673
Vietnam War conscripts or enlisted
Vietnam War Protests. Jean Curthoys,
FXJ231668
Vietnam War Protests. Jean Curthoys,
An anti conscription demonstration at
FXJ82371
An anti conscription demonstration at
Vietnam War Protests. Protesters attend
FXJ231669
Vietnam War Protests. Protesters attend
Major-General Sir Robert Risson, checks the balls before the first public draw in 1970 ...

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Age general .  dated 30 september 1970 .  Age Hard copy.
FXB38014
Major-General Sir Robert Risson, checks the balls before...
Doug Walters called for National
FXT14783
Doug Walters called for National
The Big Picture Book DVD
FXJ173776
The Big Picture Book DVD
Doug Walters called for National
FXT14790
Doug Walters called for National
Doug Walters called for National
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Doug Walters called for National
Doug Walters called for National
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Doug Walters called for National
Doug Walters called for National
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Doug Walters called for National
Doug Walters called for National
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Doug Walters called for National
Doug Walters called for National
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Doug Walters called for National
Doug Walters called for National
FXT14784
Doug Walters called for National
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
FXB81976
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
FXB81964
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
FXB81963
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
FXB81962
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
FXB81974
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
FXB81972
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
FXB81966
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney, June 1965
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National service recruits arrive for training, Sydney,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits on their first day of training, 1965
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National Service recruits on their first day of training,...
National Service recruits board a train for Puckapunyal training camp, 1965
FXB82642
National Service recruits board a train for Puckapunyal...
National Service recruits board a train for Puckapunyal training camp, 1965
FXB82641
National Service recruits board a train for Puckapunyal...
National Service recruits board a train for Puckapunyal training camp, 1965
FXB82640
National Service recruits board a train for Puckapunyal...
National Service recruits board a train for Puckapunyal training camp, 1965
FXB82638
National Service recruits board a train for Puckapunyal...
Save our Sons anti conscription protest, Central Station, 1965
FXB82643
Save our Sons anti conscription protest, Central Station,...
Save our Sons anti conscription protest, Central Station, 1965
FXB82637
Save our Sons anti conscription protest, Central Station,...
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